Portugal was founded in 1143, the year the Treaty of Zamora was signed. The Treaty, signed by King Afonso Henriques, the first king of Portugal, and King Afonso VII of León and Castile, recognised Portugal’s legal status as an independent kingdom. This status was confirmed in 1179 by Pope Alexander III.


There were 10,467,366 people living in Portugal at the end of 2022, which is 46,249 more than the previous year. The Portuguese population increased again in 2022, for the fourth consecutive year.


The median age of the resident population in Portugal rose from 46.7 in 2021 to 47 years old, in 2022.

In the gender breakdown established by Statistics Portugal, the population in December 2022 was made up of 5,001,811 men and 5,465,555 women.

Another curious fact from the statistics portal points out that the average number of children per woman of childbearing age has increased, from 1.35 children in 2021 to 1.43 children in 2022.


Portugal, officially called the Portuguese Republic, is a southern European state that occupies a total area of 92,212 Km2.

The borders are defined by mountains and rivers and have been unchanged since the 13th century, making Portugal, with its mountainous inland regions descending to widely cultivated plains, the oldest country in Europe. The highest point in Portuguese territory is Mount Pico, located on the island of Pico, in the Azores, with a height of 2,351 metres. Portugal is crossed by three major rivers (Douro, Tagus and Guadiana). They originate in Spain and flow into the sea in the country’s major cities.


Portugal has 159 cities, home to 4.5 million people, which corresponds to 42% of Portugal’s resident population.

Only seven cities have more than 100,000 inhabitants. Lisbon, Porto, Vila Nova de Gaia, Amadora, Braga, Funchal and Coimbra account for 14% of the country’s total population.

Lisbon, the capital, is the most populous city, with just over half a million inhabitants.

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